Russian Social Studies (Part 1) for Nescients.

This, and related posts, are primarily for my own deepening education. As westerners, we are rarely educated about Russia and Eastern Europe geography and cultures and I admit to being overwhelmed when it comes to (reasonably) quickly mentally placing a region when I read about something there. I have to remind myself that not EVERYwhere in Russia is like the stereotype of Siberia.

With Russia revealing itself to be the current Karistus power-base, and with 3 of the 4 Brothers operating from here, it behooves those of us who consider ourselves  as Karistians, to increase our familiarity with what we can. It's bad enough that we rely on translators to render Russian writings into English - with a whole lot of depth lost in translation, no doubt - but at least I can educate myself geographically, going from the large overview and then eventually drilling down into the details of the regions, their people, their cultures, their histories, and their mysteries.

So, to begin with, I aim to understand how they organise their communities, from the top down. 

Oh, and by the way, nescient means not to know, but without any value judgment connected to it.

Okay, here we go ...

Click on image to go to larger map
The most common type of federal subject with a governor and locally elected legislature. Commonly named after their administrative centres.
  1. Amur Oblast
  2. Arkhangelsk Oblast
  3. Astrakhan Oblast
  4. Belgorod Oblast
  5. Bryansk Oblast
  6. Vladimir Oblast
  7. Volgograd Oblast
  8. Vologda Oblast
  9. Voronezh Oblast
  10. Ivanovo Oblast
  11. Irkutsk Oblast
  12. Kaliningrad Oblast
  13. Kaluga Oblast
  14. Kemerovo Oblast
  15. Kirov Oblast
  16. Kostroma Oblast
  17. Kurgan Oblast
  18. Kursk Oblast
  19. Leningrad Oblast
  20. Lipetsk Oblast
  21. Magadan Oblast
  22. Moscow Oblast (NOT City of Moscow)
  23. Murmansk Oblast
  24. Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
  25. Novgorod Oblast
  26. Novosibirsk Oblast
  27. Omsk Oblast
  28. Orenburg Oblast
  29. Oryol Oblast
  30. Penza Oblast
  31. Pskov Oblast
  32. Rostov Oblast
  33. Ryazan Oblast
  34. Samara Oblast
  35. Saratov Oblast
  36. Sakhalin Oblast
  37. Sverdlovsk Oblast
  38. Smolensk Oblast
  39. Tambov Oblast
  40. Tver Oblast
  41. Tomsk Oblast
  42. Tula Oblast
  43. Tyumen Oblast
  44. Ulyanovsk Oblast
  45. Chelyabinsk Oblast
  46. Yaroslavl Oblast
  22 republics                                       
Nominally autonomous, each with its own constitution, language, and legislature but represented by the federal government in international affairs. Each is home to a specific ethnic minority.
  1. Chuvash Republic
  2. Chechen Republic
  3. Khakassia, Republic of
  4. Udmurt Republic
  5. Tuva Republic
  6. Tatarstan, Republic of
  7. North Ossetia-Alania, Republic of
  8. Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
  9. Mordovia, Republic of
  10. Mari El Republic
  11. Komi Republic
  12. Karelia, Republic of
  13. Karachay-Cherkess Republic
  14. Kalmykia, Republic of
  15. Kabardino-Balkar Republic
  16. Ingushetia, Republic of
  17. Dagestan, Republic of
  18. Altai Republic
  19. Buryatia, Republic of [see it's own page on this blog]
  20. Bashkortostan, Republic of
  21. Adygea, Republic of
  22. Republic of Crimea
  9 krais
For all intents and purposes, krais are legally identical to oblasts. The title "krai" ("frontier" or "territory") is historic, related to geographic (frontier) position in a certain period of history. The current krais are not related to frontiers.
  1. Altai Krai
  2. Krasnodar Krai
  3. Krasnoyarsk Krai
  4. Primorsky Krai (Vladivostock)
  5. Stavropol Krai
  6. Khabarovsk Krai
  7. Kamchatka Krai
  8. Perm Krai
  9. Zabaykalsky Krai
Occasionally referred to as "autonomous district", "autonomous area", and "autonomous region", each with a substantial or predominant ethnic minority.
  1. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
  2. Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Yugra
  3. Nenets Autonomous Okrug
  4. Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Major cities that function as separate regions.
  1. Moscow
  2. Saint Petersburg
  3. Sevastopol
The only autonomous oblast is the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, city of Birobidzhan

It is one of two official Jewish jurisdictions in the world, the other being the State of Israel.
Click HERE for wikipedia article that goes with the map

8 Federal Districts

Click image for a larger view

Federal district



  1. Belgorod Oblast

  2. Bryansk Oblast

  3. Ivanovo Oblast

  4. Kaluga Oblast

  5. Kostroma Oblast

  6. Kursk Oblast

  7. Lipetsk Oblast

  8. Moscow Oblast

  9. Moscow

  10. Oryol Oblast

  11. Ryazan Oblast

  12. Smolensk Oblast

  13. Tambov Oblast

  14. Tula Oblast

  15. Tver Oblast

  16. Vladimir Oblast

  17. Voronezh Oblast

  18. Yaroslavl Oblast


  1. Arkhangelsk Oblast

  2. Kaliningrad Oblast

  3. Karelia, Republic of

  4. Komi Republic

  5. Leningrad Oblast

  6. Murmansk Oblast

  7. Nenets Autonomous Okrug

  8. Novgorod Oblast

  9. Pskov Oblast

  10. Saint Petersburg

  11. Vologda Oblast


  1. Adygea, Republic of

  2. Astrakhan Oblast

  3. Republic of Crimea

  4. Kalmykia, Republic of

  5. Krasnodar Krai

  6. Rostov Oblast

  7. Sevastopol

  8. Volgograd Oblast

North Caucasian

  1. Chechen Republic

  2. Dagestan, Republic of

  3. Ingushetia, Republic of

  4. Karachay-Cherkess Republic

  5. Kabardino-Balkar Republic

  6. North Ossetia-Alania, Republic of

  7. Stavropol Krai


Covers 3 time zones

  1. Bashkortostan, Republic of

  2. Chuvash Republic

  3. Kirov Oblast

  4. Mari El Republic

  5. Mordovia, Republic of

  6. Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

  7. Orenburg Oblast

  8. Penza Oblast

  9. Perm Krai

  10. Samara Oblast

  11. Saratov Oblast

  12. Tatarstan, Republic of

  13. Udmurt Republic

  14. Ulyanovsk Oblast


  1. Chelyabinsk Oblast (southern-most)

  2. Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Yugra (large middle part)

  3. Kurgan Oblast

  4. Sverdlovsk Oblast

  5. Tyumen Oblast

  6. Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (northern-most)


Covers 3 time zones

  1. Altai Krai

  2. Altai Republic

  3. Irkutsk Oblast

  4. Kemerovo Oblast

  5. Khakassia, Republic of

  6. Krasnoyarsk Krai (largest area) Tunguska event happened here

  7. Novosibirsk Oblast

  8. Omsk Oblast

  9. Tomsk Oblast

  10. Tuva Republic

Far Eastern

Covers 3 time zones

  1. Amur Oblast

  2. Buryatia, Republic of

  3. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

  4. Jewish Autonomous Oblast (borders to China)

  5. Kamchatka Krai

  6. Khabarovsk Krai

  7. Magadan Oblast

  8. Primorsky Krai (city of Vladivostok)

  9. Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (largest area)

  10. Sakhalin Oblast

  11. Zabaykalsky Krai

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